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What is Dexamethasone used for?

What is Dexamethasone used for? Dexamethasone 4mg tab is used to treat conditions such as arthritis, blood/hormone/immune system disorders, allergic reactions, certain skin, and eye conditions, breathing problems, certain bowel disorders, and certain cancers. It is also used as a test for an adrenal gland disorder (Cushing’s syndrome). The side effect of Dexamethasone dose can be based on your medical condition.

This medication is a corticosteroid hormone (glucocorticoid). It decreases your body’s natural defensive response and reduces symptoms such as swelling and allergic-type reactions.

How to use

  • Take Dexamethasone 4mg tab by mouth as directed by your doctor.
  • Take with food or milk to prevent stomach upset.
  • If you are using the liquid form of the medication, use a medication-measuring device to carefully measure the prescribed dose.
  • Take this medication by mouth with a full glass of water unless your doctor directs you otherwise.
  • Do not use a household spoon.

If you take this medication once daily, take it in the morning before 9 AM. If you are taking this medication every other day or on another schedule besides a daily one, it may help to mark your calendar with a reminder. Moreover, If you want to know more about what is Dexamethasone used for? ask your pharmacist.

Dosage and treatment

The dosage and length of treatment are based on your medical condition and response to therapy. Your doctor may attempt to reduce your dose slowly from time to time to minimize side effect of Dexamethasone.

Use Dexamethasone 4mg tab regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time(s) each day. Keep taking this medication even if you feel well. Follow the dosing schedule carefully, and take this medication exactly as prescribed.

Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor. Some conditions may become worse when this drug is suddenly stopped. Your dose may need to be gradually decreased.

Inform your doctor if your condition does not improve or worsen.

Side effects

  • Stomach upset
  • headache
  • dizziness
  • menstrual changes
  • trouble sleeping
  • increased appetite
  • weight gain

If any of these side effect of Dexamethasone persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that your benefit is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effect of Dexamethasone.

Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effect of Dexamethasone occur: signs of infection, pain/redness/swelling of arms/legs, tiredness, mental/mood changes (e.g., depression, mood swings, agitation), unusual hair/skin growth, muscle pain/cramps, weakness, easy bruising/bleeding, slow wound healing, thinning skin, seizures.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention.

Warnings & Precautions

  1. Before taking the Dexamethasone 4mg tab, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it.
  2. Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history.
  3. Report any injuries or signs of infection that occur during treatment.
  4. Before having surgery or emergency treatment, or if you get a serious illness/injury, tell your doctor or dentist that you are using this medication.
  5. Do not have immunizations, vaccinations, or skin tests unless specifically directed by your doctor.
  6. Avoid contact with people who have chickenpox or measles unless you have previously had these diseases (e.g., in childhood).
  7. Limit alcoholic beverages while taking Dexamethasone dose.
  8. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness until you can do it safely.
  9. Limit alcoholic beverages.

If you have diabetes, Dexamethasone 4mg tab may make it harder to control your blood sugar levels. Monitor your blood sugar levels regularly and inform your doctor of the results. Your medicine, exercise plan, or diet may need to be adjusted.

Other precautions and side effects

Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effect of Dexamethasone, especially bone loss/pain, stomach/intestinal bleeding, and mental/mood changes (such as confusion).

This medication may slow down a child’s growth if used for a long time. Consult the doctor or pharmacist for more details. See the doctor regularly so your child’s height and growth can be checked.

During pregnancy, the Dexamethasone dose should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. Infants born to mothers who have been using this medication for an extended time and/or at high doses may have low levels of corticosteroid hormone. Tell your doctor right away if you notice symptoms such as persistent nausea/vomiting, severe diarrhea, or weakness in your newborn.

This drug may pass into breast milk and could have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.


Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

Drug interactions

Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor’s approval.



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